Location: Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

Year: 2014

Tutors: Ansis Sinke, Yuliya Baranovskaya.

Participants: Katerina Hodkova, Konstantin Ikonomids, Tomas Kubak, Rustam Nasriddinov, Zofia Kurczych, Ivan Rajkovic, Helmi Langsepp, Thea Dahl Orderund, Vasil Vandov, Hugo Afre, Loise Bjorn Schmidt, Alexander Kulikov, Zarina Belousova.

Sponosors: Lange+Ritter GmbH.

Photo: Alexandra Kononchenko.


This is a workshop about the result of experiments held with new materials. It’s a good sample of collaboration between newest technologies and art, in the end we get an interesting mix of these two. In this case it’s a creation of practically and aesthetically attractive small architectural form.

The workshop’s ambition was to explore the possibilities of glass and carbon fibre reinforced polymers in architecture. Glass and carbon fibre are high performance materials which are widely used in high-tech industries – aerospace, military and motorsports. When combined with plastic resin the fibres become stiff and form a fibre reinforced polymer which has a very high strength-to-weight ratio.

Workshop was divided in two stages. During the first week of the workshop the students explored different fibre-laying techniques, experimented with support frames and form-finding. The second week saw the finalization of the design and the production of the experimental pavilion. The task of the design was to challenge shape and structural limits of the material taking into account the manual production method. For the form, a technique of laying and winding filaments was used as it does not require a solid mould but instead a lightweight temporary frame. Experiments showed the potential of creating an enclosed space with both curved surfaces and edges. The final shape was the outcome of the 1:1 test models constructed with wool threads, which led to two stages of winding for expressive, covered entrance.

The first stage of production was building a temporary framework from ropes to define the shape of the pavilion. Then plastic impregnated glass and carbon fibre were wound around fixed anchor points on the rope frame. Fibres lie on and tension each other generating typical double curvature surfaces. The first glass fibre layer defined the geometry of the pavilion and serves as a base for the subsequent carbon fibre layers. Carbon fibre serves as structural reinforcement and is strategically placed to join the corners of the pavilion. After 5 hours the fibre reinforced polymers are cured into a solid state.After the fibre reinforced polymers were cured it was possible to remove the inner wood and rope frame. Thus the experimental pavilion became solely made of glass and carbon fibre. It weighed less than 10kg and therefore was easy to move by three people holding the corner points. The shaded space invites visitors to explore and relax, and carbon reinforced corners can be used as seating places.

The airy pavilionlets breeze and sunshine go through and inside creating a small beautiful space. It’s comfortable and cozy, at the same timesurrounding panorama can be completely seen from interior. There are no ceilings, walls and floors with their traditional meaning presented here; they are formed by a continuous contour of pavilion threads. Uniting the newest technology together with creativity of the team turns it into a mysterious, open and surrounded space at the same time.





Author: Tata Alkhazashvili





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