Eero Saarinen  is the man, who made architecture, construction and design integral. There has always been and still is a debate about which is more important – architecture or construction, which one can not exist without the other. I still think the answer is partly Saarinen’s work, where everything has its place, and where neither of them is separate. There is neither beginning nor end. Saarinen was one of the pioneers of neofuturistic style and his creations are a clear evidence of this. He is trying to create new forms and give them the expressiveness, which is not affected by past and  of the past and at the same time create a comfortable and healthy environment.

Eero is the son of an influential Finnish architect. From the very beginning, he naturally became a part of the architectural environment, which contributed to his further development. His family is originally from Finland, where Eero was  born on August 20, 1910, the 37th birthday of his father, 37, in the city of Kirkonumi. At that time, this country was a part of the Russian Empire. In 1923, the family emigrated to the USA. Eero grew up in blumpild Hill,  state of Michgani, wher his father taught sculpture and furniture design at the Kranbruk Academy of Fine Arts. It was here that he began to study sculpture. It should be noted here that he met and became friends with Charles and Ray Eame, the now famous pair of iconic couple, who will leave cult works in the field of architecture and furniture design.

It should also be noted about Eero’s life that after Michigan, he received his education in Paris and later graduated from Yale University, majoring in sculpture. Afterwards, he travelled to Europe and Africa for  1 year and returned full of emotions to Michigan. There he started working with his father and at the same time read lectures at the university.

During the second world war. Eero saarineni gets an offer to cooperate with the Office of Strategic Service. He was in charge of creating illustrations for textbooks on dismantling bombs as well as the design of “emergency room” in the West Wing of the White House and representing a conference room, where the President discusses important issues. Eero becomes a notable figure in the world of architecture and is getting stronger, when he opens an independent studio in 1950, named “Eero Saarineni and Partners.”

This was at a time when Europe was stilll under Le Corbusier’s “raging” fire, while Brazil focused on criticizing young Oscar Neimer.  And if we go little bit far from  the architecture, this are the years Hemingway’s “The old man and the sea” first published. Saarinen this time slowly begins to work on projects. One after another appear: Irvine Bank of Indiana, Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s chapel and auditorium, his now legendary TWA terminal at New York airport, Sain Louis’ Gateway Arch, and many other things, that will become inspiration not only for this Monday, but also throughout the life. Saarinen’s sophisticated style and manner, and his ideal forms and being airy makes him a unique creator.By itself, Eero thinks that his talent and the knowledge are reflected in his works. Double emotions arise because of: a material that is in good shape and in turn demonstrates the impressive size, it is free from any unnecessary decoration. Saarinen’s furniture design should also be noted as it shows that people work in small-scale projects as well as the enormous structures.

Eero Saarinen  died in 1961, at the age of 51, of a brain tumor. His death at an early age did a lot of harm to the architecture. He was not only creator but also a great man who has left a lot of decent works and knowledge, and many more were left unrealized.

All of his creations are similar to taking a breath: airy, pleasant and soothing. (Of course, if it can be called architecture at all.)

 

The MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology) CHAPEL

Location: Cambridge, Massachusetts,USA

Year: 1955

 

David S. Ingalls Skating Rink

Location: New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Year: 1958

 

IBM Rochester

Location: Rochester, Minnesota

Year: 1958

 

TWA Flight Terminal  

Location: Queens, New York, USA

Year: 1956-1962

Area: 7.1 ha

Gateway Arch

Location: St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Year: 1963-1965

Cost: US$13 million ( $97,300,000 today)

Height : 192 m

U.S. National Historic Landmark

 

 

Washington Dulles International Airport

Location: Dulles, Virginia, U.S.

Year: 1958-1962

 

North Christian Church

Location: 850 Tipton Lane, Columbus, Indiana

Landscape Architect: Dan Kiley Textile

Designer: Alexander Girard

Year: 1964 (Last building he designed before the death)  

 

FURNITURE 

 

 

Author: Nanuka Zaalishvili

English Edit: Nino Namoradze

 

 

 

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